Tag Archives: GIS and History

5 GIS Projects that are Changing the Way we Understand Racism

From Forbes:

OCT 25, 2016 @ 08:07 AM

Sarah Bond, Contributor

Within the fields of history and journalism, the use of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) has greatly changed the way we visualize, understand, and analyze racial bias within the United States and the globe. Maps have always been a way that we were able to conceptualize the topography of our universe, and now the use of GIS has given us more insight into the inequality embedded in our country than ever before. Below are just a few of the projects working to use spatial analysis in order to reveal the historical and current prejudices that people of color face every day.

 

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ISIS Is Likely Responsible for Nearly 1,000 Civilian Deaths Outside Iraq and Syria

New York Times

UPDATED Nov. 17, 2015

Recent terrorist attacks in Paris and the downing of a Russian passenger jet have focused the West’s attention on the Islamic State’s civilian toll outside Iraq and Syria.

But the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, has a history of attacking mosques, hotels, busy city streets and other civilian targets in mostly non-Western countries. If the Islamic State is responsible for the Paris killings and the explosion of the Russian plane, as officials on both sides of the Atlantic seem to believe, the civilian death toll outside Iraq and Syria would rise to nearly 1,000 since January.

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/06/17/world/middleeast/map-isis-attacks-around-the-world.html?smid=fb-nytimes&smtyp=cur&_r=1

Continue reading ISIS Is Likely Responsible for Nearly 1,000 Civilian Deaths Outside Iraq and Syria

GIS and Archeology or Graveyard vs New High School Football Field

A former student volunteered along with other Bull Run Library staff on this project (football field being built on a cemetery) locating the property the cemetery was on, and discovered who the cemetery belonged to.  The student was able to plot the deeds, convert them to KML, import to ARC and convert to a feature. From there the student compared them to existing parcel polygons and found where the initial deeds aligned to existing parcels.

The last step was to validate the gps coordinates of the cemetery and put them on the map to verify the ownership of the land.  The archaeologist was then notified of who ‘s cemetery it was.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/in-virginia-protests-arise-as-a-forlorn-cemetery-is-dug-up-to-make-way-for-high-school-football/2013/12/02/9752960a-577a-11e3-835d-e7173847c7cc_story.html