The Cholas

In Medieval India, the Cholas arose as a prominent power from the 9th through the 13th centuries and reached their zenith of influence under RajaRaja I and Rajendra I in the 11th century. During their reigns the territory stretched from what is today Tamil Nadu through Orissa, Sri Lanka and the Maldives. They also had some influence in Java through the Sailendra dynasty and diplomatic relations with Myanmar, Malaysia and China. The Cholas built hundreds of temples and are considered amongst the most prolific temple builders of South India (S. R. Balsubrahmanyam xiv)