Ch. 07 Settings

Describe the demographics of U.S. families. What percentage of children live with two married parents? With one parent?

Which major country has the higher percentage of single parents?

Name and describe the two dimensions of parenting. Explain how these yield four parenting styles.

Name and describe the four types of parenting styles. Be able to describe or recognize authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and rejecting/neglecting parents.

Identify outcomes associated with each parenting style.

Describe two critiques of Baumrind’s model. Have examples for each critique.

What is “child resiliency”? What are seven correlates of having greater resiliency?

Describe four (or more) reasons that psychologists are opposed to using spanking as a method of punishment.

Why is parental divorce an issue during middle childhood? What are the consequences/correlates of parental divorce?

How does income interact with school readiness prior to starting kindergarten?

What is the mainstream definition of intelligence? What do intelligence tests examine? Does IQ score correlate with school performance?

What is the WISC? What are its components?

Describe the normal distribution of WISC scores. What is the average (mean) score? What percentage is within the average range? What is the criterion for being called “gifted”? For having “intellectual disability”?

Describe Gardner’s and Sternberg’s approaches to conceptualizing intelligence. (What is “intelligence” in each theory?) (Hint: Know Gardner’s 8 and Sternberg’s 3 intelligences.)

What are the qualities of a good/successful school?

Terms to understand

  • Parenting style
  • Bidirectional effects
  • Resilience
  • Corporal punishment
  • Spanking
  • Intellectual disability
  • Gifted