Chapter 10 & 11 Prejudice

What are the definitions of prejudice, stereotype, and discrimination? Be able to provide examples of each. Hint: Be able to identify the ABC words.

What are two reasons that social psychologists generally assume that prejudice against an individual based on group membership is never justified?

What are three kinds of errors that can occur when people use stereotypes to judge an individual?

Your book and the class lecture discuss several possible sources/reasons for the development/continuation of prejudice and stereotypes. Be able to define and provide examples of the following:

  • Learning (via social learning, classical conditioning, & operant conditioning)
  • Realistic conflict theory
  • In-group bias
  • Out-group homogeneity bias
  • Ethnocentrism
  • Symbolic racism
  • Terror management
  • Personality traits (authoritarianism, right wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation)
  • Scapegoat theory
  • Stereotype content model
  • Illusory correlation
  • Just world effect

What is “institutional discrimination”? Be able to give/recognize examples.

What is “modern prejudice” (think of “modern racism” and “modern sexism”)? Be able to provide and recognize examples.

What is “implicit prejudice”? What are some ways that it is measured? What is the IAT?

What is “implicit prejudice”? Be able to provide and recognize examples.

What are five reasons that people apply/use stereotypes? Name, describe, and give/recognize examples of each reason.

From chapter 11

What is the “self-fulfilling prophecy”? How does it play a role in the harm caused by stereotypes?

What is “stereotype threat”? How does it influence people’s performance? How can you undo stereotype threat?

We talked in class about 5 ways that inter-group contact can be used effectively to reduce prejudices). What are those 5?

What is the effect of competition and cooperation on conflict? Be able to explain Sherif’s Robber’s Cave study. How did he create conflict and then resolve the conflict?

Define and understand the effect of superordinate goals and common external threats on conflict resolution.