Ch. 10 Early adulthood 1

How have the traditional markers of adulthood changed over the past 50 years in the US?

Describe Arnett’s stage of “emerging adulthood.” What are the features of this stage? Why is this a distinct stage now, in the 21st century?

How does culture influence the pathway/timetable to adulthood?

Describe Erikson’s task of “identity formation” and how it has shifted to emerging adulthood.

Describe Marcia’s theory of identity development. What are the two dimensions and how do they create four types of identity status? Name and describe each status. Hint: Moratorium, Achievement, Foreclosure, Diffusion

How does self-esteem change from adolescence through emerging adulthood?

Describe college enrollment and graduation rates in the U.S. What is the main reason for lower graduation rates? What other reasons contribute?

What are the major long-term benefits of tertiary education to society and to individuals?

What is “flow”? How do you know if you’re in a state of flow? How does understanding flow relate to finding a good career?

Describe Erikson’s stage of psychosocial development in young adulthood. What is the central task for young adults?

What are four major changes in dating/romance that have occurred in the last generation?

What are three adult attachment styles? Name and describe each of the three styles.

How or why might adult attachment styles change?

Terms to understand

  • Emerging adulthood
  • Social clock
  • Age norms
  • On time and off time
  • Tertiary education
  • Flow
  • Adult attachment styles