Chapter 09 Emerging adulthood

Chapter 9 – Emerging Adult

Name and briefly describe the four social movements that led to the development of the concept of “emerging adulthood.”

What are the five developmental features distinctive to emerging adulthood? Can you give/recognize an example of each?

How does emerging adulthood differ in developed vs. developing countries? (What are the main factors that matter in the two types of countries?)

What is happening with physical functioning/health during emerging adulthood? What physical/health aspects are at their peak? Are not optimal?

Explain why young drivers have the highest rates of crashes, and name the most effective approach to reducing those rates.

Explain why rates of substance use peak in the early twenties and then decline.

What are the two notable aspects of postformal thinking? Be able to define, describe, and give examples of pragmatism and reflective judgment.

How does pragmatism allow emerging adults to become better at addressing real-life problems?

Describe the development of reflective judgment in Perry’s theory.  What is the primary cause of greater development of reflective judgment?

Describe college enrollment and graduation rates in the U.S. What is the main reason for low graduation rates? What other reasons contribute?

What are the major long-term benefits of tertiary education to society and to individuals?

What are the six crucial skills required for meaningful employment, for those who do not pursue tertiary education (in the U.S.)?

How does self-esteem change from adolescence through emerging adulthood? What are four reasons for this pattern?

Describe Erikson’s task of “identity formation” and how it has shifted to emerging adulthood.

Describe Marcia’s theory of identity development. What are the two dimensions and how do they create four types of identity status? Name and describe each status.

What are the two dimensions of ethnic identity? How do they create four kinds of ethnic identity status? Name and describe each status.

How do gender stereotypes relate to beliefs about work? What happens with gender stereotypes as people enter emerging adulthood?

How do romantic relationships and sexual behavior change during emerging adulthood? Summarize the patterns and effects of cohabitation. Describe the diversity of and effects of sexual behavior.

Key terms to know/understand

unstructured socializing

postformal thinking


reflective judgment

tertiary education

identity versus identity confusion

bicultural identity



sexually transmitted infection (STI)